Indian Jewelry 101
We know how hard it might be to keep up with all the terms and lingo so we thought we'd put together this handy guide that helps explain most Indian Jewelry techniques and designs terminology.
Kundan - Gemstones set on gold. Kundan is a style that consists of placing gold foil between stones and their mountings to result in a stone set without prongs.This is one of the most common and famous types of Indian Jewelry. This style is synonymous with uncut diamond or glass stones.
Meenakari- Meenakari jewelry refers to the enamel or painting of a metal surface of jewelry.
Jadau- Usually a combination of Kundan or Polki style set with a meenakari backside. This is some of the most intricate and traditional Indian styles.
Pachichikam- Kundan, but set in silver.
Thewa- Jewelry made to look like art. The design will typically have a gold sheet cut out over a colored enamel surface to show a figure or design in the absent space.
Polki - Usually used to describe fine jewelry. This term is often used synonomously with Kundan jewelry. The styles are often confused with one another.
Temple- Jewelry in an antique or oxidized finish, many times with a portrait or pendant of an Indian God or Goddess.
Tikka- A pendant or charm clipped to the hair that hangs on the forehead.
Naath- A nose ring
Panja- A hand chain
Payal- An anklet
Kada Bracelet- A single bracelet sometimes called a bangle
Juda or Chudle Bangles- A stack of bangles put together to create one seamless bangle style. Often worn on both hands.